Darwin flip books

Crossing the Equator

From December 27, 1831 to October 2, 1836 Darwin travelled around the world on the HMS Beagle. On February 16, 1832 it crossed the Equator off the northeast coast of South America. Since this was Darwin’s first crossing of the equator, he and his shipmates who were crossing for the first time, were subjected to an old tradition, the "Line Crossing Ceremony" or the "Order of Neptune,” that transformed “Pollywogs” who had not crossed the line into “Shellbacks,” Sons of Neptune. It featured a visit by the god of the sea, Neptune, who oversaw a ceremony at which the Pollywogs paid propoer homage to the god.

Growing Up Darwin

Charles Darwin was born February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury in the West Midlands region of England. His father, Robert, was a wealthy physician. His mother, Susannah, raised him and his brother and four sisters in the Unitarian faith. She passed away when he was eight years old and he was raised thereafter by his three older sisters. His interest in the natural world was fostered early on, growing up collecting nearly everything he could. He found his school years unremarkable and remembers being a bit of a mischievous child.

© Kenneth Noll 2018